According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), car accidents are responsible for over 14 percent of all brain injuries in the U.S.
While car accidents can cause a wide variety of injuries, the head and the neck are particularly vulnerable. Even a minor car accident can cause serious head injuries. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), car accidents are responsible for over 14 percent of all brain injuries in the U.S. Brain trauma is difficult to treat, and victims face a lengthy recovery period. Some victims cannot return to work and can never have the same active lifestyle they has prior to the injury. In this post, we will highlight the four most common brain injuries that result from car accidents.
Brain injuries vary considerably in severity, and the top priority of the victim after a crash should be to seek medical attention. Prompt treatment can mean the difference between life and death, or between living with a permanent disability and making a complete recovery.
The treatment for a brain injury is usually very expensive, and often involves multiple surgeries and months of rehabilitation.
Common brain injuries resulting from car crashes
These are bruises on the brain that in some cases require surgical treatment. A powerful impact on the head can cause a contusion. In a car accident, the head is prone to contact with the side window, windshield or the steering wheel, so there is always a possibility of the victim suffering a contusion.
While many people think that concussions are not too serious, these can be a sign of serious brain damage. A victim can suffer a concussion from a strong blow to the head. There is usually no open wound when a person suffers a concussion, so people tend to think that they are fine.
A concussion can cause blood vessels in the brain to stretch, and this can cause nerve damage. Most concussions do not cause long term problems, however, if the symptoms get worse, brain damage may become permanent. If you experience persistent dizziness or disorientation after a car accident, you should immediately see a doctor.
In a car crash, broken pieces of metal, plastic projectiles and glass shards can cause serious injuries. If a foreign object penetrates the brain, the victim will likely require immediate surgery. The surgeon will remove the object from the brain and stop the bleeding. A serious brain penetration injury can cause permanent disability or paralysis.
Diffuse Axonal Injury
These injuries occur due to sudden acceleration and deceleration. This can cause the brain to jerk forward and backward within the skull, and can cause nerves and blood vessels inside the brain to tear. It can also cause internal bleeding and loss of certain brain functions.