Side-impact crashes can be more dangerous because they expose a victim to the risk of traumatic brain injury.
When the front of one vehicle crashes into the side of the second vehicle, a side-impact collision occurs. Such impacts are also known as T-bone crashes as both the colliding vehicles form a T shape. T-bone crashes or side impact accidents are common and can happen anywhere. They usually take place in intersections or when a parked vehicle leaves a parking lot and the driver is unable to see the passing vehicle.
Side-Impact Collision Statistics
In general, side-impact crashes cause more severe injuries to the passengers of the vehicle, because the side of a vehicle has poor ability to absorb the force of the colliding vehicle. Even if a vehicle has side airbags for protection, side airbags do not prove to be as effective in providing safety as front airbags. According to research conducted by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 19% of car crashes are side-impact collisions. However, these side-impact collisions contributed to 32% of fatalities recorded in the research.
Side-Impact Collisions and Traumatic Brain Injury
Side-impact crashes prove to be more dangerous because they expose a victim to the risk of traumatic brain injury. Over 50% of fatalities recorded in side-impact crashes have been caused due to traumatic brain injury. The Annals of Emergency Medicine conducted a study that analysed the relationship between side-impact crashes and traumatic brain injury. The study was conducted based on the NHTSA collision data of about 6,780 victims in 5,483 vehicles. Their research was concentrated on 1,115 injured individuals and the correlation between the type of accident and the injuries sustained.
Side-impact crashes are three times more likely to expose the vehicle occupants to TBI. Women were more at risk of TBI than men. Because side-impact crashes lead to traumatic brain injury so often, researchers recommend that medical practitioners in emergency wards check a side-impact accident patient for TBI even before the patient shows any symptoms.
How a St. Louis Car Wreck Lawyer Can Help
Patients suffering from traumatic brain injuries undergo life altering changes, physical as well as cognitive. The effects of traumatic brain injury include:
- mood and personality changes
- lessening of cognitive and reasoning abilities