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St. Louis Brain Injury Lawyer – Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney

Talk to a Lawyer for Free 24/7 at (314) 361-4242 – Almost half of all reported Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) are the result of a car accident.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are responsible for many deaths and permanent disability cases each year. Over half of these traumatic brain injury cases are attributed to car accidents. Many TBIs are mild, causing concussions. Other TBI survivors face life-changing effects that leave them disabled for life.

The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C.
Excellent
4.9
Based on 76 reviews
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Several lawyers said to call this lawyer because he is the best. You will appreciate this law firm. Helped with the injury and property claims. Attentive and knowledgeable. Great reputation in St Louis.
Would use this accident law firm. Best in Saint Louis. Highly rated and it shows. After one phone call, you just know this attorney is better. 5 Stars!!
Great law firm thanks Leah for the referral
Car accident lawyers on tv are not good . Get this attorney ! He is a pro !!
A+ attorney. Smart. Helpful. Great for automobile accident cases. Located in saint louis, missouri. Use him!
Response from the owner: Thanks. Car accident cases are difficult without the right attorney and great clients. Much appreciated.
Quality lawyer. Best law firm for a car accident. Advice was way better than other lawyers I called in St. Louis. Helped with property and injury.
Response from the owner: Thanks. The TV lawyer advertisers are just car accident settlement mills. As soon as people call a real attorney, they always tell us how much better and more helpful we were. Appreciate this.
Get this lawyer if you have an automobile accident. Simply the best!
Response from the owner: Thanks Lizzy. Recommendations from other is the best way to find a car accident attorney.
This lawyer is big time. Smooth. The other lawyers on the other side were not nearly as good as this attorney. I recommend friends in St Louis to him for accident injuries and they all say the same thing…”that lawyer is great.”
Response from the owner: Very nice of you to say. Our lawyers work hard on auto accident cases.
Family used this car accident attorney after a crash. Located in St Louis. This lawyer answers the phone and will walk you through the process. Knows his stuff!
Response from the owner: Taking calls, going over the car accident injury and property process is important. Clients that call always say we are the only lawyers that explained everything. Much appreciated.
Tried the lawyers on TV. They were not good. Hired this car accident lawyer instead because he had great reviews. The reviews are correct. This attorney is as good as they get. He does big injury cases that need to be litigated.
Response from the owner: Car accident lawyers on TV do not litigate cases. It is mass production. They have quotas. Local attorneys are best on auto accidents.
Very very good at injury claims for car wrecks. Use this St Louis attorney. Two thumbs up!
Response from the owner: Thanks for the review! All we do is accidents. When you specialize, your knowledge base and practice skills grow. Thanks!
Used this attorney for an auto accident. Highly recommend this lawyer in St. Louis. Communicates well.
Response from the owner: Communicating with clients is essential. Taking the client though the car accident claims process is important otherwise major mistakes can occur. It is an effort that we make. Thanks!
Best for car accidents in St Louis. Use this attorney.
Response from the owner: Thanks. Great clients make for great cases!
This lawyer is great for car accident injury claims. Did an uninsured motorist case. Very good attorney.
Response from the owner: Car accidents can be insured or uninsured. The claims are much different. Thanks for the review.
Great lawyer if you are in an auto accident. I recommend this attorneys office.
Response from the owner: Thanks J. Glad we got your auto accident case completed and that for telling others about our lawyers.
Very good car accident attorney. Did my and my relatives claims and paperwork. Highly recommend.
Response from the owner: Thanks for recommending our law firm on car accident cases.
Fantastic law firm, I would recommend! Received free consultation related to an auto accident when my parked car was damaged by a baseball. Very supportive advice, these guys are good!
Response from the owner: Thank you!
Recommend this attorney for auto accidents.
Response from the owner: Thanks for recommending our attorneys for an automobile accident.
Best St Louis lawyer for car accidents.
Response from the owner: Thanks Tana. Appreciate this!
Great Lawyer!!
Response from the owner: Thank you
I was in a car accident in St.Louis and hired Chris as my lawyer. He was amazing!!! He helped me every step of the way and was able to get me a great settlement!!!Highly, highly, highly recommend him!
Response from the owner: Each step is important in a car accident. Thanks for recommending us for car accidents injury claims.
If you have an auto accident and need an attorney in St Louis, I recommend Mr Hoffmann.
Response from the owner: Appreciate this James and you did great as well. Car accident claims always start with a good client.
Great car accident lawyer. Did a very good job on my injury case. Thanks!
Response from the owner: Thanks. Appreciate the compliment. All we do is car accident litigation.
Very accomplished accident attorney in Saint Louis. 5 stars for sure!
Response from the owner: Thanks
A car accident lawyer I would recommend to anyone.
Response from the owner: Thanks. That is great of you to say about our lawyers.
Great car accident attorney!!
Response from the owner: Thanks
When I had my accident he was very professional, honest and caring to me and my family it wasn't about the money it was about the care, he made sure me and my kids were took care of and I really appreciate it this is a gexcellant law firm also his secretary is the best,so I would like to say thank you chris for everything melinda .
Response from the owner: Thank you
Great car accident lawyer in St. Louis. This is a very good car accident lawyer in St. Lious. Takes phone calls. Listens. Experienced in injury litigation.
Response from the owner: Thanks Maddie. Our law firm brings experience to the table on car accident cases.
Great people, helped me through a situation over the phone. His words and advice eventually helped me in my case.
Response from the owner: Glad to hear!
Although Mr. Hoffman did not represent me in my case he was willing to take the time to get me in touch with someone who specializes in the type of incident I needed legal representation with. Attorney's such as Mr. Hoffman are difficult to find. He took personal time to keep in touch with me and give me sound legal advice and guidance. I highly recommend speaking with Mr. Hoffman if you require his services. I truly believe he is the type of person who cares and will make sure the job gets done RIGHT. Do not hesitate to contact him
Response from the owner: Anytime!
In an auto accident in St. Louis, the other car pulled out and hit us. The collision was very bad. We were all injured and used this attorney. He is very experienced in handling injury claims and got a great settlement after filing a lawsuit for us. 5 Stars!
Response from the owner: Thanks Ms. Santoni. Side impact car accidents are some of the worst our lawyers see. We have to file lawsuits on nearly every case because insurance companies deny almost every claim, but I am glad we got yours resolved. I appreciate you recommending our lawyers and giving us a 5 Star rating.
My daughter and I were in an car accident. We for both injured badly. After I finally got out of the hospital, I started looking for lawyers in Saint Louis and found this attorney who does accident and injury claims. It said their attorney would answer 24 hours a day. I called their law firm at 10 p.m. and a injury lawyer answered. He was polite, knowledgeable, and advised me of what needed to be done for myself and my daughter regarding the car accident. I hired them to do or auto accident case. They kept me well informed during the car accident case in Saint Louis County Court. I was well prepared for depositions. He help with everything. I got a good settlement as did my daughter for our injuries. Although the car accident was scary, it was bearable having a good helpful attorney on our side. I highly recommend this Saint Louis car accident law firm. Their attorneys and lawyers are great. Highly recommended
Response from the owner: Happy to help.
The Chris Hoffman law firm takesgreat care of all my legal needs. They are caring and personal and will fight for what you need. I highly recommend them. You will be very satisfied and know he got you the best deal available.
Response from the owner: Great cleints are the start to pursuing any legal case and you are the best! Thanks for the recommendation Barbara!
A true professional in terms of car accident cases. I definitely recommend this lawyer for any injury after a St. Louis accident. Very good at what these attorneys do!
Response from the owner: Thank you very much for such a great review. Our attorneys work hard at providing great service. Car accident cases are fought by insurance companies from the property damage through the personal injury claim. This forces people to get local lawyers to do their claims. Missouri and Saint Louis, in particular, is known for accident claim denial even against your own insurance carrier. Thanks again!
You will not find better attorneys for a car accident in St. Louis. Very experienced. These attorneys know all the facets of an accident case and have great advice when problems come up during the injury claim.
Response from the owner: Thanks Jack. Our attorneys appreciate a great review like this. It helps car accident victims know who are the real lawyers in St. Louis who do this work versus the mere advertisers who refer victims to lawyers they have never met for a kickback. Much appreciated!
Thanks for helping with my car accident case. These lawyers are best in St. Louis.
Response from the owner: You are welcome and thanks for the review! A lot of car accident victims read these and find it helpful in choosing a lawyer for their case. Great cases always start with great clients!
great lawyer for auto accident cases . I thought this law firm did great work .Very happy with their services. I would recommend them to others.
Response from the owner: It was very nice of you to leave a review. Thanks Brenda! A good case always starts with a great client. We appreciated the recommendation. It is good to hear back from clients and have them refer us to other injury victims after a car accident. Wish you well!
This is the best choice for a car accident attorney. These lawyers get great settlements.I was recommended to them from some people I know and was happy to get a great recommendation.
Response from the owner: Our attorneys appreciate the compliment! It is great to hear we are doing well. It means a lot when you recommend our lawyers to other car accident victims. Thanks again!
Glad I switched to this auto accident lawyer. These lawyers fight hard for their injury clients. I highly recommend these lawyers.
Response from the owner: We are happy you switched as well. Good clients are the basis for a good case. Fighting to protect your rights after an accidental injury is our sole focus. Your recommendation means a lot. Thanks again for the review.
If you are injured in a car accident you should hire this attorney. This is the best legal representation. These attorneys are very professional.
Response from the owner: Thank you for reviewing our law firm and recommending our lawyers. Attorneys appreciate feedback on whether they are doing well on cases and reviews are one of the best means for this.
ST.LOUIS AUTO ACCIDENT? I RECOMMEND THIS LAWYER FOR ANY ACCIDENT CASE INVOLVING INJURIES. VERY GOOD LAWYERS!
Response from the owner: Appreciate the Good Words! SInce our law firm started focusing exclusively on car and auto accidents, the focus had increased our knowledge and the learning curve has greatly benefited out settlement results. Specializing is key for any lawyers! All benefit from this. Thanks again for the review!
Selecting a lawyer is tough. I would rate this firm as top car accident lawyers in the St. Louis Area. Easy to work with attorneys who I would definitely recommend to friends and family. This lawyer really took his time to help us out.
Response from the owner: Selecting a lawyer would be tough. Going local and going with smaller law firms is always smart. Never use the TV lawyers. I cannot imaging getting inundated with TV ads all day and then attempting to decide on a lawyer. TV advertisers get a well earned reputation as settlement mills because they have too many clients and give their employees quotas, hence they take low settlements and earn the nickname "settlement mills." I always tell people to hire someone local and never someone on television. Jurors hate TV advertisers as well, hence not good for your case value. Thanks for the review! Glad we did well!
I was recommended to this car crash attorney. This is a very good law firm. I rate them 5 stars because they are very professional, communicate well, and get good case results. You should definitely hire these lawyers!
Response from the owner: Hey Tina! Thanks for posting this review of our law firm. Good to hear our attorneys are doing good work on car accident claims. If you ever need any help in the future, please give us a call. Thanks again!
Very experienced auto accident attorney if you are injured in a wreck . From the 1st phone call through the end of the process, this lawyer took the time to explain each step. I would recommend these lawyers if you have an accident or injury claim.
Response from the owner: Thanks Ruby! It is good to hear we kept you informed from start to finish on the steps of the car accident case. Glad our lawyers could help in this regard and appreciate you recommending our law firm to others who have been hurt as a result of another drivers negligence.
Glad I switched to this car accident lawyer. Very professional attorney. He really spent alot of time explaining the process and had solutions for every problem. Hiring this law firm is the smart choice.
Response from the owner: Thanks for the review Michael. Our attorneys appreciate getting a good review. Keeping clients informed during both the the car accident injury claim and litigation process is paramount. The importance of having answers to the problems that arise after an auto accident cannot be understated. Thanks against for recommending our St. Louis law firm.
Car Accident lawyer in St. Louis. When you need an attorney, look no further after a car accident. Great legal representation for your case. This attorney explains the process, takes on car insurance companies and will litigate if they are not being fair on your claim. Simply the best!
Response from the owner: The car accident claims process takes time. Although the property damage can get resolved quickly, the injury claim takes the majority of time and is commonly the issue that is denied by almost every insurance company. In St. Louis and throughout Missouri, car insurance companies deny claim after claim after claim...or they offer 10 cents on the dollar for medical bills as settlement in full. It is a sad reality for car accident injury victims. This is the same whether filing a claim against the at fault parties' insurance or filing a claim against your own uninsured or underinsured motorist coverage. 99 out of 100 claims are denied. We fight this abuse and litigate those 99 claims. Thanks for the review!
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Brain injury lawyers are crucial for victims of brain injuries to recover compensation for the damages caused by physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments. They can investigate the cause of the injury, collect evidence, and negotiate with insurance companies to ensure that the victim receives fair compensation. Additionally, brain injury lawyers understand the complexities of brain injuries and can help victims obtain compensation for future medical care and ongoing support. Without legal representation, victims may be left to cover the high costs of medical care and other expenses, which can be financially devastating.

If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury, our experienced brain injury lawyers can provide the legal support and guidance you need.

What is a TBI?

A traumatic brain injury is a head injury that disrupts the brain’s normal function. A blow or bump can cause a TBI or jolt to the head and can also result in a penetrating head injury.

In a car accident, trauma to the brain can occur if the skull hits something inside the car, such as a windshield or steering wheel. There may or may not be an open wound to the skull. In other auto accident cases, the sheer force of the vehicle being hit can cause the brain to strike the inside of the skull. This can happen if a head that is moving stops too quickly. This type of car accident injury can cause a contusion or bruising of the brain, brain hemorrhage, or bleeding in the brain. When injuries like this occur, there may or may not be visible signs at the time of injury.

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Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

According to the Mayo Clinic, there is a wide range of physical and psychological effects of a traumatic brain injury. There may be immediate signs and symptoms, while others may take days or weeks to appear. TBIs can be placed into two categories: mild traumatic brain injuries and moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms:

  • Loss of consciousness for up to a few minutes
  • Dazed, confused, disoriented
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • A headache
  • A feeling of drowsiness or fatigue
  • A difficult time sleeping
  • Sleeping more than normal
  • Loss of balance or dizziness

In addition, a person may experience sensory symptoms such as ringing in the ears, blurred vision, bad taste in the mouth, or changes in smell. Mental or cognitive symptoms can include memory or concentration problems, mood changes, and depression or anxiety.

If a car accident victim suffers a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, they may have any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above, as well as the following. Again, some may take a few hours or even days to appear.

Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms:

  • Loss of consciousness for many hours
  • Definite vomiting and nausea
  • Convulsions
  • One or both pupils dilated
  • Clear fluid draining from ears or nose
  • Numbness or weakness in fingers and toes
  • Lack of coordination
  • Slurred speech
  • Coma

Common physical indicators of TBI include:

  • Any seizure
  • Spasticity in the muscles
  • Low, double, or blurred vision, as well as blindness
  • No sense of taste or smell
  • Speech problems such as slurred or slow speech
  • Serious headaches
  • Fatigue and low energy
  • Having trouble balancing

Common cognitive indicators include:

  • Temporary or permanent amnesia
  • Difficulties in processing information
  • Lack of concentration or attention
  • Communication problems or disorders
  • Disorganized and faulty judgment
  • Incapable of doing two things at the same time
  • Incapable of starting or completing jobs without any reminder

Common emotional indicators of TBI include:

  • Heightened apprehension
  • Rapid mood changes and melancholy
  • Impulsiveness
  • Restlessness
  • Ego-centric attitude and difficulty in seeing the effect of the attitude on other people

Although memory problems are a common symptom of a traumatic brain injury (TBI), they are often temporary and can be easily dismissed. In the aftermath of a car accident, the emotional toll of the event may cause a person to forget certain details, leading them to believe that their memory loss is not a significant issue. However, a TBI can also impact a person’s ability to form new memories, specifically those after the accident. Therefore, it is crucial to be vigilant for signs of memory loss and seek medical attention if necessary to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

An individual’s emotional response to their surroundings can also be significantly affected by a traumatic brain injury (TBI). In some cases, those who have experienced a TBI may exhibit a complete lack of emotional response, such as laughing, crying, smiling, or showing enthusiasm, even in situations that typically elicit these reactions. This can be a worrying sign, as it may indicate ongoing issues even after the TBI has been diagnosed and treated. Additionally, from an outside perspective, those with TBIs may appear to lack empathy due to their inability to express emotions, further underscoring the importance of seeking appropriate medical attention and support for those who have experienced these types of injuries.

The emotional instability that often accompanies a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can manifest unpredictably. Those who have experienced a TBI may undergo rapid and drastic shifts in mood, seemingly without any provocation. This can result in a person appearing joyful in one moment and in uncontrollable sobs in the next, confusing and distressing for those around them. It is important to recognize that these emotional fluctuations are a common symptom of TBI and require specialized care and support to manage effectively.

Behavioral issues are a distinct symptom of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and differ from mood swings in their nature and severity. Rather than short-lived emotional outbursts, behavioral changes can dramatically alter an individual’s personality, causing them to behave uncharacteristically. For example, someone with TBI may stop showing affection to family and friends and become cold and distant towards them. These changes often occur suddenly and without any apparent cause or trigger. It is common for an individual with TBI to display a behavioral shift, even if no specific event could explain this new behavior. Proper diagnosis and treatment of these symptoms are essential to support individuals in their recovery from TBI.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can also trigger aggressive behavior, which can manifest verbally or physically and profoundly impact those close to the individual. These sudden outbursts of aggression can occur regardless of the person’s prior temperament, leaving loved ones confused and overwhelmed. It is essential to recognize that this behavioral change is a common symptom of TBI and should be addressed with specialized care and support. Proper management of these symptoms can help individuals with TBI regain control of their emotions and maintain positive relationships with those around them.

Individuals with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) may experience difficulty concentrating and maintaining focus, making it challenging to follow conversations or complete tasks requiring sustained attention. They may appear disengaged, distracted, or even ask the same questions multiple times. These symptoms can be frustrating for both the person with TBI and those interacting with them. Recognizing that these cognitive difficulties are a common symptom of TBI and require specialized support and treatment to manage effectively is crucial. With appropriate care and support, individuals with TBI can regain their cognitive abilities and resume their daily activities more easily.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can result in a chemical imbalance in the brain, increasing the risk of developing mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression. The challenge is that the car accident itself can be a traumatic event that triggers these disorders, and a person may experience symptoms of depression or anxiety even in the absence of a TBI. It is essential to be vigilant for signs of mental health disorders following a car crash and seek medical attention promptly. Individuals who experience symptoms of anxiety, depression, or other mental health issues after a car accident should be evaluated for TBI to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment. By addressing car accidents’ physical and psychological impact, individuals can achieve better outcomes and improve their overall well-being.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can have long-lasting effects, including emotional and behavioral changes that can impact a person’s quality of life. As such, seeking prompt medical attention is crucial if you sustain any head injury in an auto accident, no matter how mild it may seem. Delaying medical care could lead to further damage to the brain and worsen symptoms, making it essential to seek immediate evaluation and treatment. By taking swift action, individuals can increase their chances of recovering fully from a TBI and improve their overall outcome.

Traumatic Brain Injury Car Accident

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a significant public health concern, with an estimated 50,000 fatalities and 230,000 hospitalizations resulting from TBIs each year. Moreover, about 90,000 survivors experience long-term disabilities from their injuries. Car accidents are one of the leading causes of traumatic brain injuries. While not all TBIs are equally severe, a medical professional should evaluate any head injury. It is essential to recognize that TBIs are not always immediately diagnosed, so it is crucial to seek medical attention if you or a loved one experiences any TBI symptoms following a car accident.

What can you do to help a loved one who has gone through such a trauma?

When a victim suffers a TBI in a car crash, they may be unable to defend themselves or initiate a personal injury suit due to their condition. This is where the victim’s loved ones or family members may step in to take on these responsibilities. Depending on their relationship with the victim, they may be able to help with legal actions and provide support during recovery. It is crucial to have a strong support system in place for someone who has suffered a TBI. A knowledgeable and experienced brain injury lawyer can help ensure the victim and their family receive the compensation they deserve.

Recognize the Signs of TBI

Car accidents can result in many injuries, some of which may not be immediately visible. A TBI is a type of injury that may or may not be associated with an open injury to the head. It is critical to be aware of the following symptoms that may indicate a TBI:

  • Slurred speech
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Dizziness
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Limb weakness or numbness
  • Headache and/or neck pain

If you notice any of these symptoms in a friend or family member involved in a car accident, it is important to take them to a doctor and explain the situation. Even if there are no apparent injuries, it is recommended to get checked by a doctor to ensure everything is okay.

Helping Them Through Recovery

If a loved one suffers a TBI, seeking immediate medical treatment and monitoring is essential. This may include transportation to and from medical appointments. If you must miss work or incur transportation expenses, these costs should be included in the personal injury claim.

Additionally, regular check-ups at six months and twelve months after the accident can help monitor the progress of the injury and estimate future medical expenses and other damages caused by the TBI. It is important to keep track of all medical expenses and records to ensure the best possible outcome for the victim.

Even a minor car accident can cause serious head injuries.

Car accidents are notorious for causing a wide range of injuries, but the head and neck are particularly vulnerable. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that car accidents are responsible for over 14% of all brain injuries in the United States. Brain trauma is one of the most challenging injuries to treat, and victims often face an extended recovery period, with some never being able to return to their pre-injury active lifestyle.

Unlike other types of injuries, brain injuries sustained in car accidents can have far more significant consequences and long-term repercussions, ranging from mild to severe. Due to the force of inertia, when a car suddenly stops but passengers do not, they can easily collide with the dashboard or window, resulting in a brain injury that can cause a lifetime of disability.

Complicating matters in car accident compensation cases is the fact that sometimes, the damage from a brain injury related to a car accident may not be immediately apparent. It can take time for the full consequences of a brain injury to show. Without proper medical attention and testing after an accident, it may be impossible to anticipate the type of medical treatment needed or the potential consequences that may surface later on. Be vigilant and get the necessary medical tests to identify and treat injuries promptly.

Seek Medical Attention ASAP

Seeking medical attention is imperative – not just to determine the extent of your brain injury but also to prove a chain of causation in your car accident case. Your St. Louis car accident attorney will need the documentation when negotiating a settlement with the insurance company or, if the case should proceed to court, to get you the compensation you are entitled to receive.

Unfortunately, treatment for a brain injury can be incredibly costly, and it often requires extensive medical procedures and months of rehabilitation. The financial burden of this type of injury can be overwhelming, so it is crucial to pursue full compensation for all your losses and expenses.

Signs That You May Have a Brain Injury

  • Foggy brain
  • Headaches
  • Feeling nauseous
  • Being sensitive to sounds and lights
  • Having difficulty with your balance
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Not appropriately dealing with your emotions
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness
  • Uneven or dilated pupils
  • Being confused
  • Having a slow response time

If you notice any of these signs after a car accident, even if you weren’t aware that you hit your head, you should seek treatment and get the appropriate tests done to rule out the possibility of a TBI.

What is Cognitive Ability?

Cognition refers to our ability to think clearly and understand the world. Cognition allows us to function normally in our everyday lives. A traumatic brain injury can cause a loss of cognitive ability, which may dramatically change the course of your future. Cognitive ability includes:

  • Attention and concentration
  • Being able to process and then understand information
  • Your memory – both short and long-term
  • How you can communicate
  • Skills for planning and organizing
  • Your ability to reason, solve problems, and make decisions
  • Impulse control

These skills are used daily, and the sudden loss of one or more from a car accident is devastating. You may be left unable to go to work, raise your family, or even live alone without assistance. The level of injury to the brain and the cognitive ability lost will determine how much therapeutic and living assistance you will need in the future.

Common brain injuries resulting from car crashes

  • Contusion – These are bruises on the brain that, in some cases, require surgical treatment. A powerful impact on the head can cause a contusion. In a car accident, the head is prone to contact with the side window, windshield, or steering wheel, so the victim may suffer a contusion.
  • Concussion – While many people think concussions are not too serious, these can be a sign of severe brain damage. A victim can suffer a concussion from a sharp blow to the head. There is often no open wound when a person suffers a concussion, so people tend to think they are fine. A concussion can cause blood vessels in the brain to stretch, and this can cause nerve damage. Most concussions do not cause long-term problems; however, brain damage may become permanent if the symptoms worsen. You should immediately see a doctor if you experience persistent dizziness or disorientation after a car accident.
  • Penetrating injuries – In a car crash, broken pieces of metal, plastic projectiles, and glass shards can cause serious injuries. The victim will likely require immediate surgery if a foreign object penetrates the brain. The surgeon will remove the object from the brain and stop the bleeding. Severe brain penetration injuries can cause permanent disability or paralysis.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury – These injuries occur due to sudden acceleration and deceleration. This can cause the brain to jerk forward and backward within the skull, and nerves and blood vessels inside the brain can tear. It can also cause internal bleeding and loss of certain brain functions.

Diagnosing Traumatic Brain Injuries

Advancements in medical technology have made it easier for doctors to evaluate and detect the severity of TBIs. In 2015, researchers discovered a type of blood test that can gauge the severity of TBI and predict the best treatment method. These blood tests measure brain-derived neurotrophic factor proteins (BDNF), which helps determine if the patient requires a higher level of treatment. These newly developed blood tests may prove extremely helpful to doctors by enabling them to diagnose brain injuries and the severity of the damage quickly.

Blood Testing to Diagnose Traumatic Brain Injury

The test involves taking BDNF protein from the patient within 24 hours of the injury and then measuring it to predict the severity of the injury. Healthy individuals normally have 60 nanograms/ml of BDNF protein. However, a patient with a brain injury will have 20 nanograms/ml or less. If the patient has sustained severe brain damage, he or she will have extremely low levels of BDNF protein, typically in the range of 4 nanograms/ml. When the tests are performed around 6 months after the injury, the BDNF levels may have been restored to 60 nanograms/ml. However, if the patient still registers low levels of BDNF protein, the patient may complain of symptoms and other problems that have developed over time.

Five-year outcomes of persons with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): 22% died, 30% became worse, 22% stayed the same, and 26% improved. Data are US population estimates based on the TBIMS National Database. *Data refer to people 16 years of age and older who received inpatient rehabilitation services for a primary diagnosis of TBI.

The Long-Term Cost to Treat TBI

A mild head injury can cost more than $85,000 in medical and treatment costs, while a severe brain injury may result in over $3 million in treatment costs. According to the CDC, the lifetime economic cost of TBI, including direct and indirect medical costs, was estimated to be approximately $76.5 billion (in 2010 dollars). The amount can be much larger when considering other consequences and their treatment.

Some potential costs to take into account include:

  • Emergency care
  • Medical bills for subsequent treatment
  • Rehabilitation therapy
  • Counseling or psychological therapy
  • Medication to treat emotional distress or mental disorder

Additionally, TBIs can cause various types of disabilities. In the best-case scenario, victims suffer from a temporary disability and recover completely following therapy. However, not everyone is so lucky; TBIs could permanently leave you disabled.

According to the CDC, there are reportedly 5.3 million Americans currently living with permanent TBI-related disabilities:

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Coordination issues
  • Vision or hearing loss
  • Severe changes in personality

This can harm the quality of your life, as TBIs could cost you your job or prevent you from taking part in activities that previously brought comfort or pleasure.

Illnesses Related to TBI

TBI can lead to several short-term and long-term illnesses, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and epilepsy. These diseases bring along their own set of complications. For example, TBI patients become more prone to Parkinson’s due to the loss of a specific neuron, affecting the patient’s motor skills and causing symptoms such as stiffness, trembling, slowed movement, poor and unsteady gait, and shuffled walking. Research has also established a link between patients who have previously suffered a traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer’s.

Who Calculates the Cost?

In your car accident claim, the other driver’s insurance company will review the case and make an initial offer based on your medical bills, the severity of injuries, and any other costs the accident may have caused.

TBIs don’t only have immediate costs, and your final settlement should also account for future medical expenses relating to your injury or its complications. The insurance company will always push for the lowest compensation possible, but your lawyer can fight to get you the compensation you are legally entitled to.

What About Situations Involving Life Support?

Life support is when a machine is directing a normal bodily function. This may be a temporary solution as the wounds from a car accident heal, or it could be necessary to sustain life if grave injuries have harmed the brain beyond repair.

Tragic car accidents often cause brain trauma, preventing the brain from controlling the body the way it is designed to do. When this happens, heart and lung function often ceases. Mechanical ventilation is when a machine forces air into the lungs, allowing oxygen to infuse cells and hopefully keeping the other organs functioning while the brain is given time to heal. Artificial nutrition may also be administered via an IV. These solutions contain water, sugar, and nutrients that the body needs to stay alive.

How Long Will Life Support Be Continued?

The brain can go into several different states after the trauma of a car accident, including coma, vegetative state, and brain death. How long life support is given to sustain other body functions depends on the family and any known wishes of their injured loved one. In cases where there is no detected brain activity, the family may choose to cease life support as there is no chance of recovery. This is a painstakingly difficult decision for any family to have to face.

What Happens If a Brain Injury Necessitated Life Support After a Car Accident?

If a car accident results in brain death, the family is given the right to file a wrongful death claim on behalf of their family member. Not only is maintaining life support financially draining, but it is also emotionally damaging to the family. An attorney will work with the family to ensure that the financial burden is accounted for, including the loss of companionship and support.

Contact our St. Louis Brain Injury Lawyer

If you or a loved one has suffered a TBI in a car accident due to another’s reckless or negligent behavior, this may result in medical bills, lost wages, lost earning potential, and long-term medical treatment. At The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C., our St. Louis accident attorneys will help you understand your legal options and the best strategies for full and fair compensation from an auto or truck accident claim.

Free Consultation with a St. Louis Car Accident Lawyer

Don’t talk to an insurance claims adjuster before speaking with The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C. We can help you avoid making statements that may affect the outcome of your case. The consultation is free; you don’t pay unless we get you money!

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